At the prosper of the blessed renaissance, Oman set off a new era by structuring the state and setting up the foundations of political, economical, and social work so as to develop the community; organize its bonds, relations, and transactions in accordance with laws; activate the state’s vitality as a member in the international people. The state was to line up home internally. The challenge was massive as it needed multidirectional efforts.
The firs target was the Administrative status of the State that assumed the responsibility of the political, economical, and social transformations. As such, the Ministries were structured in 1970, and the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) was directed to perform the hard task of setting justice by which life and relations of people is straightened up, their safety is secured so as to provide exclusive development. The first Minister was HE Mohammed bin Ahmed Al BuSaidi.
Shortly after that, as the new restructuring of the status resulted in the merging of the Ministries of Interior and Justice- since the Ministry of Interior took over the execution of judgments, ensuring social stability, and direct supervising the citizens life, and the MOJ is the justice safety valve- the two Ministries were joined together in 1972 and the Ministry of Interior and Justice emerged. HE Sultan bin Humood Al BuSaidi assumed the position of the Minister.
On the 2nd of April 1973 the Royal Decree appointed HE Hilal bin Hamad Al Samaar a Minister of Interior and Justice.
The Royal Decree 40/74 decreed some changes on a number of Ministries where the Ministry of Justice was re-established. HE Hilal bin Hamad Al Samaar was the Minister. This alteration continued even after the issuance of the Law of Regulating the Administrative Status of the State which was decreed by the RD 26/275. The appendix (a) of this law determined the capacities of the MOJ.
On the 15th of February1982 the Royal Decree 13/82 embodied the MOJ and the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs into the Ministry of Justice, Awqaf and Islamic Affairs. HE Hilal bin Ahmed Al Samaar remained the Minister. Afterwards, HE Hilal bin Saud bin Harib was appointed the Minister of Justice, Awqaf and Islamic Affairs by the Royal Decree 92/87 which was issued on the 30th of February 1987. On the 10th of February 1991 HE Sheikh Hamoud bin Abdullah Al Harthi was appointed the Minister of Justice, Awqaf and Islamic Affairs, RD 106/91.
On the 6th of November 1996 the Royal Decree 101/96 promulgated the Basic statute of the state which included so many regulations. It sets up the legal foundation of the state. One of those regulations was what article 6 stipulated, which was the Jurisdiction Regulation. This RD ruled that the statutory system should be concluded with two years.
One year later, the RD 84/ 97 was issued on the 16th of December 1997 which promulgated changes on the titles of some Ministries. The Ministry of Justice, Awqaf and Islamic Affairs became the Ministry of Justice. HE Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdullah bin Zahir Al Hana’ei was appointed the Minister by RD 85/97 on 16 December 1997.
The first important move this Ministry took was to set up the organizational structure to go along with the step needed to be segregated from the Ministry of Awqaf and Islamic Affairs, so as to implement the constitution and founding a MOJ similar if not better than those of the Arab countries. Accordingly, the RD 47/2000 decreed the capacities of the MOJ and it authenticated its organizational structure. To implement this RD, the Ministerial Resolution 87/ 2000 was issued to approve the administrative divisions and their duties and capacities. The Ministry has continued the process needed to implement the legislative system.